College Essay on ADHD
WHAT IS ADHD?
ADHD is brain disorder that causes under achievement and poor behavior in children and adults that is not related to intelligence, brain damage or poor parenting. 2-5% of all children are affected by ADHD. Doctors are not yet sure, but ADHD is believed to be inherited. ADHD is a long-term condition, but as an adult they may not show as many symptoms as when they were younger.
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WHO IS AFFECTED
ADHD can affect anyone of any age. Most people are diagnosed during Primary school age when the need to concentrate follows rules and finish work. ADHD affects both sexes although far more boys than girls are diagnosed, as girls tend to be less disruptive with their behavior
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS
There are 3 common ways to treat the symptoms of ADHD. They are: medication, behavior modification and diet
- MEDICATION. Medication is the most effective way of treating ADHD The most commonly known drugs are Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and Dexamphetamine, which are both stimulants. There are lots more non-stimulants such as Tofranil, Catapres and Aurorix.
- DIET. food is doesn't cause ADHD but it can make symptoms worse. Excluding some chemicals, additives or foods in the diet may affect behavior. Diet changes only affect 5 % of children with ADHD.
- BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION. Behavior modification works best with medication. Common methods are, routine, structure and consistency, making sure you have the Childs attention before giving instructions, ignoring unimportant behaviors and encouraging good behavior with rewards.
- 1902 A pediatrician, George Still, was the first to recognize and describe this condition. He saw this as a chronic condition that was inborn and not caused by poor parenting or adverse environment.
- 1930s ADHD was believed to be caused by brain damage because of the similarities between Still's description of the condition and brain damaged patients
- 1937 Doctors gave Amphetamine a group of behaviorally disturbed in-patents and found their difficult behavior improved. This finding influenced the future treatment of ADHD.
- 1950-60s Researchers realized that most children with ADHD did not suffer any brain damage so they changed the name to Minimal brain dysfunction. This implied that it was caused by subtle brain malfunctions. It was believed that ADHD it was caused by parental and environmental conditions, for some this attitude continued until the 1990s
- 1957 The main breakthrough came with the introduction of Ritalin. Over the next decade controlled studies proved that it was safe and effective.
- 1960-70 Media miss information frightened parents from using medication. The Hyper Active child syndrome becomes popular.
- 1970-75 Virginia Douglas promoted the view that attention deficit was a more important symptom than hyperactivity. Diet becomes popular in treating the problem. Media claims raise more concerns about medication.
- 1975-80 Medication becomes more popular again.
- 1980 The term Attention deficit Disorder is first used.
- 1984 The term is re defined as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
- 1997s ADHD is now seen an interplay of factors. Attention and learning, impulsive and poorly controlled behaviors, the presence or absence of co-morbid conditions.
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MARGARET AUSTIN, PH.D., NATALIE STAATS REISS, PH.D., AND LAURA BURGDORF, PH.D. Nov 5, 2007 Updated Mar 28, 2016
ADHD is a neurological disorder that develops during childhood and can persist into adulthood. Although adult ADHD is more common than initially thought, not all children who have these symptoms will go on to have the adult version of the disorder. Childhood symptoms may also change across the lifespan; some fade (e.g., diminished hyperactivity) while others may be expressed differently (e.g., chronic disorganization may result in getting fired from jobs).
ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders. Approximately 3-7% of school-aged children have the disorder. Prevalence rates seem to vary by community, with some research indicating that larger cities may have rates as high as 10-15%.
ADHD produces symptoms characterized by:
- Poor impulse control.
The “attention deficit” component of ADHD refers to inattention, or difficulty focusing for long periods and being easily distractible. The “hyperactivity” portion of ADHD is used to describe behavior that is restless, agitated, and difficult to resist. Hyperactive individuals often appear as if they NEED to move. They are in almost constant motion, and frequently make excessive noise.
Although impulsivity is not included in the diagnostic label, it is also considered a behavior characteristic of this disorder. When impulsivity is paired with hyperactivity, the person appears to act without prior thought or intention. Impulsive behaviors are often intrusive, rude, and dangerous, sometimes resulting in accidents. For example, children may not think about landing when they jump off a ledge to catch a ball.
Given that all children tend to exhibit some of the behaviors characteristic of ADHD, such as daydreaming, restlessness, or thoughtlessness, it is important to understand the difference between normal behaviors and a true disorder. True ADHD symptoms are long-term and severe enough to impair someone’s everyday functioning. Moreover, symptoms must occur in more than one environment. For example, in children, this means that the ADHD symptoms interfere with success in school and relationships with parents, siblings, or peers. For adults, ADHD interferes with both work and family functioning.
Experts consider ADHD to be a chronic condition that has no cure. However, individuals with this disorder should not give up hope. There are many different treatment options that can help people successfully manage ADHD symptoms and move forward in their lives.