Linking words help increase your score for fluency and coherence in the speaking exam and help you to get a higher score for coherence and cohesion in the writing exam. They are also useful in the listening and reading test to help you see how ideas are sequenced and to catch the main ideas. The following table is from my IELTS ebook for part two of the writing test.
|Sequencing the first idea||Adding supporting ideas||Adding a contrasting idea||Making general statements|
The main reason is
The most important consideration is…
First of all,
In the first place,
Another reason is…
In the same vein,
On the other hand,
As a general rule,
In most cases,
|Giving examples||Giving an explanation||Clarifying an opinion||Drawing a conclusion|
A clear example of this is…
|The reason for this is…|
This is because…
This is due to…
|To be more precise…|
By this I mean…
In other words,
As a consequence,
As a result,
|Stating your opinion||Partially correct statements||Other people’s opinions||Making a concession|
|From my perspective,|
From my point of view,
In my opinion
to a certain degree,
to some extent,
|From a political point of view,|
From the point of view of the economy,
Some people believe…
It is sometimes argued that…
|To give advantages||To give disadvantages||To express cause||to express effect|
|A major advantage of this is…|
Another important merit is…
The final benefit is…
|One major drawback is…|
Another disadvantage is…
The final limitation is that…
Due to the fact that…
For the reason that…
As a consequence,
As a result…
IELTS Writing Task 2 Vocabulary and Organisation
An overview of IELTS writing task 2: Useful vocabulary and information
by Derick Smith
For writing Task 2, which is worth more than Task 1, you should spend about 40 minutes writing a 250 word essay. You will be given a contemporary social topic which you must respond to in a number of ways.
Examples of IELTS task 2 question types:
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages
- Discuss both sides
- Give a reason why you think the problem exists
- Express your views about the issue
- Say whether you agree or disagree
- Decide which side of the argument you support
As always, first make sure to read the question carefully to identify every part. (If you do not address each part you will not get a good mark in this task.)
Example IELTS task 2 question:
In general, people do not talk to one another when using public transport. Why is this so, and what could be done to change this situation?
Next you should make a plan about what you will write and how you will arrange it. For example -
- Identify a number of reasons
- decide which will be primary and which will be supporting ideas
- think about a number of possible solutions
- organise your paragraphs
This vocabulary will get you started but you must develop and expand on these structures and find a variety that you understand fully and can use confidently.
Giving your opinion
In my opinion… / My opinion is that… /
It would seem that.../ It appears that...
I somewhat agree / agree / strongly agree with the idea that…
I somewhat disagree / disagree / strongly disagree with the idea that…
I think / believe / feel that…
From my point of view / perspective...
Structuring your writing- Main points
First / First of all / Firstly…/ In the first place...
Initially.../ To begin with.../ To start with…
Some people believe that.../ Many people think that…
Structuring your writing - Supporting / contrasting points
Second / Second of all / Secondly… / In the second place…
Then... / Next… / After that.../
Besides… / Likewise… / In addition …
Consequently… / What’s more… / Furthermore… / Moreover...
On the other hand… / Apart from that… / Finally...
Concluding your writing
On balance, I believe….
In general / overall...it seems like / that
My personal conclusion is…
As we have seen…
For more detailed information about paragraph 1 and how to approach it check out our post ‘IELTS Task 2: Discuss both sides and give your opinion’
For structuring Task 2 check out our post here
And for more information and practice tests check out our top ten IELTS blogs.
Now it's your turn... Try to use any of this vocabulary in a sentence and post it in the comments below. If you have any questions, please ask us in the comments section.
Post by Derick Smith